What is a jack russell dog

what is a jack russell dog

Jack Russell Terriers: What's Good About 'Em, What's Bad About 'Em

The Jack Russell Terrier is a fearless, not to mention tenacious, working terrier, bred to go to ground for work and loves to dig. He’s confident, alert and always ready for work. His weatherproof coat may be broken or smooth; his small, flexible chest helps him pursue underground quarry; and his long legs help him trail fast-running game. The Jack Russell Terrier originated in England in the mid-to-late ’s in response to a need for a small but feisty fox hunting dog. While foxhounds had gained much popularity among England’s gentry for horse-and-hound hunting, a pastor named John Russell saw the need for a small terrier that could pursue the fox into the ground.

The Jack Russell Terrier is a small terrier that has its origins in fox hunting in Jadk. It is principally white-bodied and smooth, rough or broken-coated and can be any colour.

Small tan and white terriers that technically belong to other breeds are sometimes known erroneously as "Jack Russells". Each breed has different physical characteristics according to the standards of their national breed clubs; size and proportions are often used to tell them apart.

Some authorities recognize a similar but separate breed as the Russell Terrier — a shorter-legged, stockier dog, with a range of 20—30 cm 8—12 in [ citation needed ]. Jack Russells are also frequently what to eat if you re pre diabetic with the Parson Russell Terrier. Technically, the Parson Russell is usually larger and officially limited to a middle range, with a standard size of 30—36 cm 12—14 in[ citation needed ] whereas the Jack Russell is whaf broader type, with a size range of 25—38 cm 10—15 in [ citation needed ].

Jack Russells are an energetic breed that rely on a high level of exercise and stimulation. They are relatively free from any serious health complaints. Originating i dogs bred and used by the Reverend John Russell in the early 19th century, from whom the breed takes its name, the Jack Russell has similar origins to the modern Fox Terrier.

It has gone through several changes over the years, corresponding to different use and breed standards set by kennel clubs. Recognition by kennel clubs for the Jack Russell breed has been opposed by the breed's parent societies — which resulted in the breeding and recognition of the Parson Russell terrier. Jack Russells have appeared many times in film, television, and print — with several historical dogs of note. The small white fox-working terriers we know today were first bred by the Reverend Rusesll Russella parson and hunting enthusiast born in[2] and they can trace their origin to the now extinct English white terrier.

An important attribute in this dog was a tempered aggressiveness that would provide the necessary drive to pursue and bolt the fox, without resulting in physical harm to the quarry and effectively ending the chase, which was considered unsporting. It is unlikely, however, that any dogs alive today can be proved to be descendants from Trump, as Russell was forced to sell all his dogs on more than one occasion because of financial difficulty, and had only four aged and non-breeding terriers left when he died in The Fox terrier and Jack Russell terrier type dogs of today are all descended from dogs of that period.

However, documented pedigrees earlier than have not been found. Several records remain of documented breeding by John Russell between the s and s. The Fox Terrier Club was formed in with Russell as one of the founder members; its breed standard was aspiration, and not dpg description of how the breed appeared then.

By the start of the 20th century, what is a jack russell dog Fox Terrier had altered more towards the modern breed, but in some parts of the country the old style of John Russell's terriers remained, and it is from those dogs that the modern Jack Russell type has descended. Following Russell's death, the only people who made serious efforts to continue those strains were two men, one russepl Chislehurst with the surname of East, and another in Cornwall named Archer.

East, at one point, had several couples, all of which were descended from one of Russell's dogs. The type aimed for were not as big as the show Fox Terrier and were usually less than 7 kg 15 lb. Arthur Blake Heinemann created the first breed standard and, inhe founded the Devon and Somerset Badger How much does a sports doctor make a year, the aims of which were to promote badger digging rather than fox hunting, and the breeding of terriers suitable for this purpose.

Terriers were acquired from Nicholas Snow of Oareand they were likely descended from Russell's original dogs, as Russell would probably have hunted at some point with Snow's hunting club and is likely to have provided at least some of their original terriers. At the same time that javk split was appearing between show and working Fox terriers, a further split was occurring between two different types of white terrier, both carrying Jack Russell's name. These classes were continued for several years by various judges, but Charles Cruft dropped the attempt as the classes were never heavily competed.

Following Heinemann's death inthe kennel russelll leadership of the club passed to Annie Harris, but the club itself what is a jack russell dog shortly before World War II. Following World War IIthe requirement for hunting dogs drastically declined, and with it the numbers of Jack Russell terriers.

The dogs were increasingly used as family and companion dogs. Further crossbreeding occurred, with Welsh CorgisChihuahuasand other smaller breeds of terrier. Size ranges for dogs were kept broad, with what is a step up ring ability of working dogs awarded higher than those in conformation shows.

An open registry was maintained, with restricted line breeding. Registration for the club is made at adulthood for Jack Russells, rather than at birth, to ensure the breed's qualities remain, given the open registry. Due to their working nature, Jack Russell terriers remain much as they were some years ago.

A broken-coated dog may have whar hair on the tail or face than that which is seen on a smooth-coated dog. The head should what is a jack russell dog of moderate width at the ears, narrowing to the eyes, and slightly flat between the ears.

There mack be a defined but not overpronounced stop at the end of the muzzle where it meets the head, and a black nose. The jaw should be powerful and well boned with a scissor bite and straight teeth. The eyes are almond shaped and dark coloured and should be full of life and intelligence. Small V-shaped ears of moderate thickness dot carried forward on the head. The tail is set high and in the past was docked to approximately 10 cm 5 in in order to provide a sufficient hand-hold for gripping the terrier.

The Jack Russell should always appear balanced and alert. Red foxes vary in size, but across the world, they average from 6—8 kg 13—17 lb in weight and have an average chest size of 30—36 cm 12—14 in at the widest part. The Jack Russell terrier and Parson Russell Terrier breeds are similar, sharing a common origin, but have several marked differences — the most notable being the range of acceptable heights. However, the Parson Russell is a conformation show standard whereas the Jack Jxck standard is a more general working standard.

The Russell Terrier, which is also sometimes called the English Jack Russell terrier or the Short Jack Russell terrier is a generally smaller related breed. Jack Russells are first and foremost a working terrier. Their high energy and drive make these dogs ideally suited to a number of different dog sports such as flyball or agility.

They have a tremendous amount of energy for their size, [50] a fact which can sometimes lead to trouble involving larger animals. What is a jack russell dog socialised members of the breed are friendly towards children, they will not tolerate abuse even if whzt is unintentional. The breed has a reputation for being healthy with a long lifespan. Jack Russells can live from 13 to 16 years given proper care.

Being a hunt-driven dog, the Jack Russell will usually pursue most creatures that it encounters. This includes the skunkand the breed is prone to skunk toxic shock syndrome. If sprayed underground, it can also cause chemical burning of the cornea. Treatments are available to flush the toxin out of whats warmer fleece or wool dog's system.

Lens luxation, also known as ectopia lentis is the most common hereditary disorder in Jack Russell terriers. Even so, this condition is not a common occurrence in the breed. Most frequently appearing in dogs between the ages of 3 and 8 years old, it is where the lens in one what is a jack russell dog both eyes becomes displaced. There are two types, posterior luxation where the lens slips to the back of what is a jack russell dog eye and anterior luxation where the lens slips forward.

Dof luxation is the less severe of the two types, as the eye can appear normal although the dog's eyesight will be affected. In anterior luxation, the lens can slip forward and rub against the corneadamaging it. Anterior luxation also has a high probability of causing glaucoma which can lead to partial or complete blindness.

Treatment is available and may include both medical and surgical options. Secondary lens luxation is caused by trauma to the eye and is not hereditary. Cataracts can affect any breed of dog and is the same condition as seen in humans. Here the lens of the eye hardens and is characterised by cloudiness in the eye.

While considered mainly a hereditary disease, it can also be caused by diabetesold age, radiation, eye injury or exposure to high temperatures. Patellar luxationalso known as luxating patella, is a hereditary disorder affecting the knees. Dussell is where the kneecap slips off the groove on which it normally sits. The effects what is a pyramid made out of be temporary with the dog running while holding its hind leg in the air before running on it again once the kneecap slipped back into place as if nothing has happened.

Dogs can have a problem with both rear knees, and complications can include arthritis russel torn knee ligaments. Severe cases can require surgery. Prone to mast cell tumors. Nipper was a dog born in who wjat thought to be a dog of the Jack Russell terrier type. To celebrate their achievement, a plane was sent out to take the two men champagnealong with Id.

On 29 Aprila Jack Russell named George saved five children at a carnival in New Zealand from an attack by two pit bulls. He was reported to have charged at them and held them at bay long enough for the children to get away. A statue has been erected in ManaiaWhat is a jack russell dog Zealand, in his memory. In the UK, one of the more recognisable canine stars was restaurateur and chef Rick Stein 's irrepressible terrier Chalky[72] who frequently upstaged his owner on his various cookery series.

Uggie — was an animal actor, appearing in commercials starting in and in the films Water for Elephants and The Artistboth in Sykes est. He was best known in the UK for his appearance as "Harvey" in Thinkbox 's three television commercials, and, under his real name in five seasons of Midsomer Murders.

He also appeared in several Hollywood blockbusters, as well as in a UK TV movie, several series and miniseries. He retired in after a long career on the big and small screen. Sykes was also a champion agility competitor. The planned-mating crossbreed of a Jack Russell terrier and a Beagle is called a Jackabee.

Jackabees are believed to have russelll been bred in the United States. They typically have a muscular body with patches and a long tail.

The breed brings together the hunting terrier with the scenthound. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This is the latest accepted revisionreviewed on 25 April Small terrier dog breed. A Jack Russell terrier wearing a dog harness. Sarah's Dogs. Retrieved 22 October Jack Russell Terriers.

Form and Function

If any dog can top the hard-as-nails hunting skills of a Border Terrier, it might be a Jack Russell. And if any dog can top the strong prey drive, determination, and intensity of a Jack RussellTerrier – well, that could only be another Jack Russell. This bright, clever, athletic breed is on top of everything that's going on in his environment. The Russell Terrier is a strong, active, lithe, predominately white bodied working Terrier of character with a flexible body of moderate length and rectangular profile. Temperament: Alert, Inquisitive, Lively.

The Jack Russell Terrier is a fearless, not to mention tenacious, working terrier, bred to go to ground for work and loves to dig. His weatherproof coat may be broken or smooth; his small, flexible chest helps him pursue underground quarry; and his long legs help him trail fast-running game. The Jack Russell Terrier is well-balanced with substantial boning, signifying the endurance and strength needed as a hunting terrier. Ready to see what dogs fit you best?

Take our short quiz to find out! There were two strains of the Russell Terrier: the Jack and the Parson. The Jack Russell Terrier was smaller with a longer body and shorter legs as opposed to the Parson Russell Terrier and was used to hunt vermin and bolt rabbits. Today, the Jack Russell Terrier and Parson Russell Terrier are essentially the same breed, with the former being recognized by the United Kennel Club since and the latter recognized by the American Kennel Club in Highly energetic, the Jack Russell Terrier is a clever, bold and friendly little dog.

He is a fearless, not to mention tenacious, hunting terrier, bred to go to ground for work and loves to dig. Intelligent, outgoing and active, the Jack Russell Terrier thrives on having a job to do to channel his energy and is best suited for a home environment with a fenced yard where plenty of engaging activity and affection can be given.

All that energy has to be burned somehow! Because of his high energy, strong hunting drive and overall zest for life, the No. His activity should take place on a leash or in a fenced yard to help resist his urge to run off on a prey chase. His short coat, which can be either smooth or broken rough , requires minimal grooming — regular brushing and the occasional bath is typically all it takes.

Looking for a pet that may need a little less grooming? Short-haired dogs could be a …. Close Main Navigation Menu. Sign Up Log In. Hide Saved searches. Save search for breed. Form and Function The Jack Russell Terrier is a fearless, not to mention tenacious, working terrier, bred to go to ground for work and loves to dig. Energy Level 5 out of 5. Exercise Requirements 5 out of 5.

Playfulness 5 out of 5. Affection Level 5 out of 5. Friendliness To Dogs 3 out of 5. Friendliness To Other Pets 1 out of 5. Friendliness To Strangers 3 out of 5. Watchfulness 2 out of 5. Ease of Training 5 out of 5. Grooming Requirements 2 out of 5. Heat Sensitivity 2 out of 5. Vocality 5 out of 5. Breed Attributes Type Terrier. Weight 11 to 13 pounds. Height 10 to 12 inches. Family Terrier.

Area of Origin England. Date of Origin s. Note: While the characteristics mentioned here may frequently represent this breed, dogs are individuals whose personalities and appearances will vary. Please consult the adoption organization for details on a specific pet. Finding Jack Russell Terriers for You Do you have a dog? Related Content. Similar Breeds.

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